Common Types of Medical Negligence

The National Health Service (NHS) is the best hearth care service in the world, treating millions of people every year, free at the point of delivery. Unfortunately, though, medical errors and medical negligence does still happen, due to human error. Below we list the most common types of medical negligence claim within the UK.


Misdiagnosis accounts for most medical compensation claims within the UK. This is when an individual is wrongly given a medical diagnosis, resulting in the taking of inaccurate medication, treatments, and even surgery. This can result in undue pain, loss of earnings and with the true disease or illness not being diagnosed. Misdiagnosis can happen when the actual diagnosis is missed by a medical practitioner or when the correct treatment is not given, resulting in life threatening injuries, that can mean death.

Surgical procedures

Medical mistakes can be made during any surgical procedure. The most common surgical accidents that can happen include those where the incorrect operation is conducted, a wrong limb is amputated, foreign medical objects, such as swabs, being left in body cavities, intra- operative infection, scarring and tearing of organs. None of these should happen, and if they do, you can make a medical negligence claim.

Incorrect prescription or medication

If you are prescribed an incorrect prescription, or are given the wrong tablets or medicine, then the side effects can be catastrophic, even resulting in death. For example, if you are allergic to a certain type of antibiotic, you could suffer an anaphylactic shock and die as a consequence of this medical error and incompetence. The same is also true when the wrong dosage is prescribed. Other side effects and medical problems include: cardiac arrest, encephalitis (inflammation and swelling of the brain), digestive and gastric issues, psychological issues including hallucinations and even morbidity. This type of medical negligence happens when the medic writes a prescription for the wrong patient, the medication is dispensed incorrectly and when medications that shouldn’t be prescribed together, are given to a patient.

Incorrect medical advice

All medical practitioners have a duty of care to tell their patients about all risks associated with any medical procedure or medication. They need to tell their patient about all associated risks, and advise them of any alternatives. As a patient, you should be given impartial and correct information about a treatment, procedure or medication, so that you can make an informed decision. If this does not happen, and you undertake an unnecessary operation, take the wrong medication or have a procedure that causes harm, then you can make a claim.

Injuries that occur in birth or pregnancy

Sadly many injuries and fatalities occur to both women and their babies during labour and birth. During the process of labour, problems can arise when the woman suffers from pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes and a placental abruption, when the placenta is detached from the uterine wall. During labour problems include those of the woman hemorrhaging, third degree tears during a vaginal birth, and failure to process. If a woman or her baby suffer any of these medical negligences, then she can make a claim for compensation.

As we have ahead stated, the NHS is the best health care service in the world. However, if something does go wrong, you need to understand that you have patient rights, and can make medical negligence claims for compensation.

For more info, visit: WinWales.

  • Partner links